LABOUR MARKET IMPACT ASSESSMENT (LMIA)

Helping Foreign Workers Enter the Canadian Job Market

What is an LMIA?

If you have a job offer from a Canadian employer, in a field with
shortages of Canadian or permanent resident applicants, you may be eligible for an LMIA based work permit.

An LMIA-based work permit involves two stages

  • Employer: your prospective employer must obtain an LMIA to demonstrate that there is a lack of Canadian and permanent resident job applicants for a position.
  • Employee: uses the positive LMIA to apply for an employer-specific work permit. This means you will only be able to work for a specific employer.

NOTE: LMIA expires after 6 months. This means you must submit your work permit application within 6 months after receiving a positive LMIA.

Do I need an LMIA to Apply for a Work Permit?

Not all work permits require an LMIA. It is important to know whether it is required or not from the very start of your application process.

LMIA Advertising Requirements

Business Requirement

The employer must show they have met strict advertising guidelines to prove that no Canadians could have done the work required adequately.

This means, in addition to posting the available position on the Government of Canada Job Bank, they must also demonstrate two other recruitment methods, in months prior to submitting the LMIA application. Recruitments are required to achieve the maximum possible reach and must last at least 4 consecutive weeks. The LMIA application must have proof of this advertising.

Job Posting Details:

This will be closely examined by ESDC and compared with other postings to ensure it is in line with the labour market.

  • Hours per week
  • Hourly wage
  • Any benefits of the position
  • Spoken language requirements
  • Start date
  • Location
  • Pre-requisite skills and/or education

Wage Types

The offered wage is also very important, as it determines the application stream:

  • High Wage
  • Low Wage

If the wage is higher or lower than the provincial/territorial median wage, the application requirements will different.

In high wage positions, the application must include a Transition Plan, explaining how the employer will reduce their reliance on temporary foreign workers in the future (there are exceptions for certain positions).

In low wage positions, the employer must show that the worker(s) will have suitable and affordable housing.

What Are Immigration Officers Looking For in an LMIA-based Work Permit Application?

Factors that are taken into account include:

  • Genuineness of the job offer (is there a real job that needs to be done?)
  • Effects of hiring the foreign worker on the labour market
  • Any possible benefits to the labour market (the foreign worker training Canadians, for example)
  • Previous positive LMIAs and job offers

How We Can Help

At EXITUS IMMIGRATION SERVICES , our representatives have high success rates with LMIA applications and LMIA – based work permits. We work with both employers and workers to ensure that they accurately follow the strict requirements and provide them with the best chances of success.

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